EPLC Education Notebook

Thursday, July 10, 2008

Special Edition: FY 2008-2009 Education Budget

The EPLC Education Notebook (current and past editions) also is available by visiting the EPLC website at www.eplc.org/ednotebook.html.

FY 2008-2009 Education Budget

On July 4, the Pennsylvania General Assembly approved the largest dollar increase – $275 million – for basic education funding in at least two decades and ensured that public education will remain a priority by locking future funding targets into law.  The budget includes a new school funding formula based largely on the findings of the 2007 Costing-Out Study, which determined the resources necessary for all students in Pennsylvania school districts to meet the state’s academic standards.  Legislation enacting this historic change in the state’s basic education funding formula was adopted unanimously in the Senate and by a vote of 191-11 in the House (Act 61 of 2008).

The formula’s use of real student counts (abandoned by the state after 1991) and real information about the spending needed for student success are important milestones.  Of equal importance is the following language in Act 61: “In furtherance of the General Assembly’s long-standing commitment to providing adequate funding that will ensure equitable state and local investments in public education and in order to enable students to attain applicable federal and state academic standards, it is the goal of this Commonwealth to review and meet state funding targets by fiscal year 2013-2014.”  With the enactment of this legislation, the state has set a clear goal – adequate funding to enable all students to achieve, equitably distributed among our school districts, by 2013-14 – and made an important first step in giving the schools and children of the Commonwealth an adequate, equitable and predictable school funding system.

The budget (Act 38A of 2008) also includes a minimum 3% increase in basic education funding for all school districts, increases funding for special education by 1.66% ($16.777 million) to $1,026.815 billion and increases funding for career and technical education by 1.17% ($0.735 million) to $63.696 million.  Funding for early childhood education increased 15% to $86.4 million, which will allow 800 more children to participate in state-funded pre-K programs and allow some half-day programs to expand to full-day.  Additionally, the budget includes a 72% increase for state assessments (student tests) to $54.400 million; a 7.4% increase for Science: It’s Elementary to $14.5 million; and a 40% increase to reimburse school districts for charter schools.

Among programs focused on high schools, dual enrollment was flat funded at $10.000 million; support for the state’s Project 720 high school reform initiative was reduced by 1.3% to $10.857 million; and support for Classrooms for the Future, which equips core academic classrooms with laptop computers and other high-tech tools, was cut by half to $45 million, plus an additional $15 million for teacher professional development in utilizing the technology.

Appropriations for Accountability Block Grants, Head Start Supplemental Assistance, and the Educational Assistance Program each were reduced by 1.3% from their FY 2007-08 funding level.  Other programs saw reductions from the amount received by the state in FY 2007-08 as well.

Funding for school employees’ retirement was reduced by 20.08% ($90.578 million) from its FY 2007-08 level to $360.591 million.  Initially Governor Rendell anticipated the need for a $114 million increase in retirement funding, however PSERS assumed a lower employer contribution rate of 4.76% for FY 2008-09, compared to the previous rate of 7.13%, which allowed for a savings this year to the state and to school districts.  Critics point out that this savings now may make even higher contribution rates for the state and school districts necessary in later years.

A comprehensive review of all appropriations in the education budget is available at the end of this publication and on the Department of Education’s web site.


Omnibus School Code Bill – Act 61

Legislation enacting a new school funding formula also made omnibus changes to the state’s School Code.  Below is a comprehensive review of the changes enacted by Act 61 of 2008:

  • Section 111 (B) and (C.1).  Background Checks of Prospective Employees:Requires the Department of Education to prescribe a process for employers to provide applicants with a copy of their criminal history record information obtained from the PA State Police and to prescribe a process for employers to maintain files of such records with applications for employment.
  • NEW Section 117.  Prohibition of Certain Regulations for the 2008-09 Fiscal Year:  Prohibits the State Board of Education from promulgating, approving or proposing any regulations to change or establish high school graduation requirements during the 2008-2009 fiscal year.
  • Section 687 (J).  Annual Budget; Additional or Increased Appropriations; Transfer of Funds: Allows school boards to reopen their FY 2008-09 budgets to reflect state education funding.
  • Section 1310.1.  Classroom Placement of Twins or Higher Order Multiples; Parental Discretion: Allows parents of twins or higher order multiples whose children are in the same grade level at the same school to request their children to be educated in the same or separate classrooms.  A parental request must be made within 10 days of the first day of school or 10 days after the children’s first day of attendance in the school.  A school may recommend to parents the best placement decision for their children’s education, however the school must abide by the parent’s request unless: 1) after consultation with the superintendent or superintendent’s designee, the principal determines that alternative placement is necessary; 2) after consultation with classroom teachers, the principal determines the parent’s requested placement is disruptive to the classroom; or 3) the requested placement would require the school district to add an additional class to the grade level of the siblings.  Parents may appeal a principal’s classroom placement decision.
  • Section 1302-A(C).  Office of Safe Schools: Clarifies that targeted grants to schools made by the Office of Safe Schools may be used to support the development and implementation of research-based violence prevention programs that address risk factors to reduce incidents or problem behaviors among student including, but not limited to bullying.
  • NEW Section 1303.1-A.  Policy Relating to Bullying: Requires school entities to adopt policies related to bullying (or update current policies) and incorporate these policies into their student codes of conduct by January 1, 2009.  Policies must include disciplinary consequences for bullying and may provide for prevention, intervention and education programs.  Bullying policies also must identify the appropriate school personnel to receive reports of bullying.  Policies must be posted on the school entity’s web site, in every classroom, and in a prominent location in each school building.  The policy must be reviewed with students within 90 days of its adoption and at least once each school year thereafter.  Further, school entities must review their bullying policies every three years and provide PDE with a copy of its policy, including information about the development and implementation of any bullying prevention, intervention and education programs, as part of their annual reports on school violence and weapons possession.

    The law allows school entities to define bullying in a way that would encompass acts that occur outside a school setting if those acts meet the following criteria: an intentional electronic, written, verbal or physical act, or a series of acts: 1) directed at another student or students; 2) that is severe, persistent or pervasive; and, 3) that has the effect of doing any of the following: (I) substantially interfering with a student’s education; (II) creating a threatening environment; or (III) substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school.  Under the law, a school setting is defined as inside the school, on school grounds, in school vehicles, at designated bus stops, or at any activity sponsored, supervised or sanctioned by the school.  If a school entity chooses to include incidents that occur outside a school setting in its bullying policy, it must include those incidents in its annual school violence reports to PDE.
  • Section 1305-A.  Transfer of Records (related to Safe Schools): Requires a student’s disciplinary record to be transferred when a student transfers from a public school to a nonpublic school or transfers between public schools in the same district.  This expands on state law that already requires disciplinary records to be transferred when a student moves between public school entities.
  • Section 1512-C(G).  Educational Assistance Program: Establishes a formula for distributing Educational Assistance Program funds for the 2008-09 school year.  If insufficient funds are available to make payments to eligible school entities, payments will be made on a pro rata basis.  EAP funds support tutoring programs for students in grades seven through twelve.  A school entity’s eligibility for EAP funding is based on failure to reach the state’s 2005 math and reading achievement targets.
  • Section1511-D.  Definitions (related to Pre-K Counts eligible providers): After June 30, 2009, requires child day care centers or group day care homes to meet or exceed a STAR 3 under the Keystone Starts Quality Rating System to maintain eligibility as a Pre-K Counts program provider.  Providers who have applied for a STAR 3 rating whose applications have not been approved or rejected by June 30, 2009 would remain eligible until the application is rejected.
  • NEW Section 1615.  Virtual High School Study Commission: Establishes a Virtual High School Study Commission within PDE to examine the feasibility and costs associated with creating a state-operated, Internet-based high school.  The Pennsylvania Virtual High School would provide secondary students statewide with: expanded curriculum offerings such as higher level math and science, foreign language and advanced placement courses; SAT preparation programs; summer enrichment and tutoring courses; increased instructional options for at-risk students, home-bound and alternative education students; expanded offerings for gifted and talented students; links with prospective employers, including those offering high school internships and apprenticeships; and, opportunities for students who have dropped at or are at-risk of dropping out to earn a high school diploma.  The 31-member Commission comprised of government officials, education professionals, higher education presidents, parents, and the business community must report its findings and recommendations by December 31, 2009.
  • Section 1715-A.  Charter School Requirements: Clarifies that as public officials subject to the state’s ethics code, charter school administrators are prohibited from receiving compensation from another charter school or a company that provides management or other services to another charter school.
  • Section 1720-A.  Term and Form of Charter: Allows the Philadelphia School Reform Commission to renew a charter school’s charter for a one-year period if the Board determines there is insufficient data concerning the school’s academic performance and that an additional year of performance data is needed in order to sufficiently inform the Board’s decision whether or not to renew the charter for five years.  The decision to renew for a one-year period cannot be appealed to the State Charter School Appeal Board.  The School Reform Commission may not renew a charter for successive one year periods.
  • Section 1722-A.  Facilities (related to charter schools): Allows the Philadelphia School District to permit a charter school to operate its school at more than one location.
  • Section 1723-A.  Enrollment (related to charter schools): Prohibits caps on enrollment in charter and cyber charter schools unless agreed to by the charter or cyber charter school as part of a written charter.  This applies to both past and future actions of school district governing boards and to all charter and cyber charter schools regardless of whether the school was approved prior to or subsequent to the enactment of this provision.
  • Section 1726-A(A).  Transportation (related to charter schools): Makes school districts that provide transportation to charter school students eligible for state reimbursement for expenses for the 2007-08 school year and each year thereafter.
  • Section 1729-A.  Causes for Nonrenewal of Termination (related to charter schools): Allows the Philadelphia School Reform Commission to set conditions in a charter school’s charter if the school seeking renewal is in corrective action status due to its academic achievement.  If the Commission chooses to renew the charter of a school in corrective active, it may establish a timeframe by which the school must meet student performance targets, as long as the targets and period of time in which the targets must be met are reasonable.  The inclusion of these conditions in a charter cannot be appealed to the State Charter School Appeal Board.  If the charter school fails to meet its performance targets within the established timeframe, the Commission may revoke the charter.
  • Section 1704-B(C).  Board of School Directors: Allows the Pittsburgh School District to dispose of unused and unnecessary land and buildings that are more than 25 years old either by negotiated sale or by entering into an agreement with an urban redevelopment authority.
  • Section 1705-B.  Education Empowerment Districts: Allows PDE to use up to $4.500 million of undistributed funds not expended, encumbered or committed for grants and subsidies to empowerment districts in FY 2008-09.  The Chester-Upland School District is the only district that meets the definition of an empowerment district for FY 2008-09.
  • Section 1714-B.  Mandate Waiver Program:  Requires PDE to establish a task force to analyze the savings from mandate waivers provided to school districts who applied for exemption from certain state laws related to school construction and renovation.  The Task Force comprised of elected officials serving on legislative Education and Labor Committees and the Secretaries of Education, Labor and the Budget will have six months to makes its report, including any policy recommendations it may develop.
  • Section 1913-A(B)(1.6) and (1.7).  Financial Program; Reimbursement of Payments (related to community colleges): Makes modifications to the community college funding formula.  Relevant to the economic development stipend for community colleges, Act 61 expands the pot of funds available from state appropriations to also include any other private or public funds appropriated or otherwise made available to PDE for that purpose.

    Act 61 also modifies the way full-time equivalent students (FTEs) are determined.  For FY 2006-07, the first, second and third quarter payments of FY 2007-08, the first and second quarter payments of FY 2008-09 and thereafter, the number of FTEs will be determined based on the final midyear re-budget submitted by a community college for the prior fiscal year.  This re-budget must be submitted to PDE by May 31 annually.

    For FY 2008-09 and each year thereafter, PDE will provide third and fourth quarter payments to community colleges based on the number of FTEs enrolled in high-priority and high-instructional-cost occupation programs, high-priority occupation programs and noncredit workforce development courses for the immediately preceding fiscal year.  FY 2007-08 fourth quarter payments would be based on FTE enrollment in the aforementioned programs and courses for FY 2006-07.

    All reimbursements must be verified in the college’s audited financial statement.
  • Section 1901-C.  Definitions (related to alternative education programs): Makes charter schools that provide alternative education programs as their central mission eligible to apply for state funding for Disruptive Student Programs.
  • Section 1902-C.  Applications (related to alternative education programs): Requires charter schools applying for funding under the Disruptive Students Programs to provide written support for the application from the chartering school district.
  • Section 2017-A.  Annual Report (related to the State System of Higher Education): Requires State System of Higher Education universities to electronically submit annual reports of program data to the Department of Education and the Joint State Government Commission.  This replaces the current requirement that PASSHE universities submit these reports to the Governor and legislative committees on Education and Appropriations.  Each report must be posted on PDE’s web site for at least five years after its submission.  Additionally, the Joint State Government Commission (JSGC) will develop a statistical comparison analysis recognizing differences in missions from the required reports.  Analyses developed by the JSGC must be posted on its web site for at least five years and provided to the legislative committees on Education and Appropriations as well as the four state regional libraries.
  • Section 2002-B.  Definitions (related to the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program): Expands the type of businesses eligible for credits under the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program to include “pass-through” entities which would apply to many small companies organized as partnerships and Pennsylvania-S corporations.
  • Section 2005-B.  Tax Credit (related to the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program): Expands the total amount of tax credits annually available to an individual business through the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program.  Individual businesses could receive up to $300,000 in credits for donations to scholarship organizations or educational improvement organizations (up from $200,000 annually) and up to $150,000 in credits for donations to pre-K scholarship organizations (up from $100,000 annually).  The aggregate total of all business tax credits available from the state through the EITC program was not expanded.

    Act 61 also allows small companies who do not use all approved EITC tax credits to seek approval to transfer all or a portion of the credit to shareholders, members or partners in proportion to the share of the entity’s distributive income to which shareholder, member or partner is entitled.  No tax credits granted under EITC may be applied against any tax withheld by an employer from an employee under Article III of the Tax Reform Code of 1971.

    Changes to the EITC law also prohibit the Department of Community and Economic Development from accepting applications for EITC tax credits prior to July 1 annually, unless the application is for the second part of a two-year commitment in which case it will be accepted no earlier than May 15 of the preceding fiscal year.  Applications by “pass-through” entities for single-year tax credits for scholarship and educational improvement donations and for the first of a two-year commitment for pre-K scholarship donations will be accepted by DCED no earlier than the first business day following July 7 of the fiscal year.
  • Section 2006-B.  Limitations (related to the Educational Improvement Tax Credit Program): Clarifies that a tax credit granted to a “pass through” entity through the EITC program may not exceed the tax liability of the business and its shareholders, members or partners.
  • NEW Article XX-D.  State-related University Reporting: Establishes new, annual data reporting requirements for state-related universities who receive a non-preferred appropriation from the state (Penn State University, University of Pittsburgh, Temple University and Lincoln University).  The universities must submit electronic reports of program data to PDE and the Joint State Government Commission by September 1 annually.  Required data reporting elements include information on full-time and part-time faculty status, academic course schedules, teaching and non-teaching assignments, credits assigned for teaching courses, and salaries paid for instructional and non-instructional functions for Bachelor’s, Master’s, first professional and doctoral degree levels.  The report also requires information on the university’s revenues and expenditures, including data on the purchase of goods and services exceeding $1,000.  Reports must be submitted within 180 days of the close of the university’s fiscal year and must be made publicly available in the university’s library as well as the four regional state libraries.

    Act 61 also requires the Joint State Government Commission (JSGC) to develop a statistical comparison analysis recognizing the differences in mission from each institution’s required report.  These analyses must be posted on the JSGC’s web site for at least five years and must be provided to the legislative committees on Education and Appropriations and the four state regional libraries.
  • Section 2103.  Board of Public Education; Additional Duties: Allows the Philadelphia School Reform Commission to require students in Philadelphia to begin school by age six.  The compulsory school age for the rest of Pennsylvania would remain age eight.  Homeschooled students in Philadelphia would be exempt from the lower school start age.
  • Section 2317.  State Aid for Fiscal Year 2008-2009 (related to the State Library): Allows state libraries who received state funding last year and who complied with the standards and regulations of the library code to receive state funding in FY 2008-09, and establishes a formula for distributing library funds for FY 2008-09.
  • Section 2502.46.  Funding for Partnership Schools: Requires the Philadelphia School District to submit annual reports to PDE on the use of state funding for partnership schools.  The reports will include information on the number of students attending each partnership school, the total dollar amount to be paid to each school by the District and the specific terms and conditions agreed to for such payments, and the total costs actually paid by the District to each partnership school.  Additionally, the law requires the District to provide an explanation if a difference exists between the costs actually paid and costs agreed to for each partnership school as well as an accounting of where the unexpended dollars were utilized.
  • Section 2501.  Definitions (related to payments to school districts): Defines terms relevant to the state’s new education funding formula.  This section defines average daily membership, actual spending, funding year, index, location cost metric, and modified average daily membership.
  • NEW Section 2502.48.  Basic Education Funding for Student Achievement:  Establishes a new formula for distributing basic education funding and affirms the state’s commitment to create a more adequate and equitable school funding system with a goal of reviewing and meeting state funding targets by FY 2013-14.

    The formula identifies an adequacy funding target for each school district by establishing a base cost per student and then accounting for each district’s student enrollment, number of low-income students, number of students who are English language learners, the district’s size, and regional cost differences.  For FY 2008-09, the base cost is $8,335.  Next, the formula calculates the difference between a district’s adequacy target and its actual spending to determine its adequacy shortfall.  Finally, the formula then determines a state funding target for each district by multiplying its adequacy shortfall by its aid ratio and then multiplying by the lesser of 1.00 or its 2006-07 equalized mills divided by 23.5 (the equalized millage rate at the 75th percentile).

    For FY 2008-09, a district with an equalized millage equal to or greater than 24.7 will receive an allocation equal to 16.75% of its state funding target; a district whose equalized millage is less than 24.7 will receive an allocation equal to 10% of its state funding target.  This will provide districts with the highest tax rates with a larger proportion of their state funding target this year.

    While the law does not define a plan for fully funding districts’ state funding targets over a six-year period as proposed by Gov. Rendell, it does establish a goal for the Commonwealth to review and meet  these targets by FY 2013-14, and affirms “the General Assembly’s long-standing commitment to providing adequate funding that will ensure equitable state and local investments in public education” in order for students to attain the academic expectations placed on them by state and federal governments.

    Finally, this section ensures each school district will receive at least a 3.0% increase in basic education funding for FY 2008-09.  Gov. Rendell initially proposed a 1.5% minimum increase.

    Additional detail about the new funding formula is available on PDE’s web site at: www.pdenewsroom.state.pa.us/newsroom/cwp/view.asp?a=256&q=138442.
  • NEW Section 2502.49.  Accountability to Commonwealth Taxpayers:  Requires school districts that receive an increase in basic education funding larger than an inflationary index (currently set at 4.4%) to submit a plan to PDE outlining how they intend to spend funds that exceed the index.  Funds that exceed the inflationary index must be used as follows:

    • At least 80% must be used for: extended instructional time (including tutoring, longer school days or years, or intensive support for students with limited English proficiency), new and more rigorous courses, teacher training, class size reduction, pre-K and full-day kindergarten, recruitment incentives for teachers and principals to work in certain schools, and school library services.

    • Up to 10% can be used to maintain programs that meet the goals of the aforementioned programs or for one-time operational costs.

    • Up to 10% can be used for other programs or activities to increase student achievement or for one-time operational costs.

    Districts’ spending plans must be reviewed by PDE and the Department may provide recommendations on the use of funds within 45 days of receipt of the plan.  However, plans submitted by school districts identified for warning, improvement or corrective action or by districts with one of more schools identified in these categories due to academic performance must have their spending plans approved by PDE.  The Department must approve or disapprove such plans within 90 days of receipt.  Districts whose plans have been disapproved must amend and resubmit their plan as necessary until approved by PDE.

    Spending plans are due by August 1, 2008 and by April 15 each year thereafter.  If the state budget in not enacted by that time, the law instructs districts to base their plans on the amount of funding in the Governor’s proposed budget.  The law also includes criteria for PDE related to plan approval, and authorizes PDE to withhold a portion of a district’s basic education subsidy until a plan requiring the Department’s approval is approved.  Finally, PDE is responsible for providing technical assistance to districts in developing these plans and determining how plans must be submitted.
  • Section 2509.1.  Payments to Intermediate Units: Allows up to $11.500 million to be used for programs administered by intermediate units in FY 2008-09 for institutionalized children.
  • Section 2509.5.  Special Education Payments to School Districts: Establishes a formula for distributing state special education funding for FY 2008-09.  Each school district will receive at least a 2% increase over the amount received in FY 2007-08.
  • Section 2591.1.  Commonwealth Reimbursements for Charter Schools and Cyber Charter Schools: Expands school district reimbursements for charter school costs; every school district will receive the state’s full 30% reimbursement in FY 2008-09.  Districts with more than 12% of their students enrolled in charter schools, an aid ratio of .6000 or greater, and that have made charter school payments equal or greater than $1.000 million in the 2006-07 school year would receive a higher reimbursement rate.  Changes made to this section increase the reimbursement rate for qualifying districts beyond that included in state law for the first time last year.
  • Section 2599.2.  Pennsylvania Accountability Grants: Allows Accountability Block Grant funds to be used to establish, expand or maintain a career awareness program and to purchase materials or extend service hours for school libraries.  This section also requires each school district to receive a FY 2008-09 PA Accountability Grant equal to the amount it received last year, unless insufficient funds are allocated, in which case payments will be made on a pro rate basis.


FY 2008-2009 Higher Education Funding

The budget provides a 3% increase for the State System of Higher Education (to a total of $519.236 million).  Funding for community colleges increased by 3% as well to $236.240 million, with an additional $44.506 million allocated for the community college capital fund and $0.750 million allocated for regional community college services.  The Governor’s Technical Colleges program received a 50% decrease from the amount received last year to $1.000 million.  Funding for student tuition grants through PHEAA increased 5.5% ($21.2 million) to $407.413 million.

Additionally, the General Assembly approved the following non-preferred appropriations for higher education institutions:

Act 7A of 2008: Allocates $338.375 million to Penn State University for FY 2008-09.

Act 9A of 2008: Allocates $170.734 million to the University of Pittsburgh for FY 2008-09.

Act 11A of 2008: Allocates $175.504 million to Temple University for FY 2008-09.

Act 14A of 2008: Allocates $14.493 million to Lincoln University for FY 2008-09.

Act 17A of 2008: Allocates $6.946 million to Drexel University for FY 2008-09.

Act 20A of 2008: Allocates $46.436 million to the University of Pennsylvania for FY 2008-09.


Review of FY 2008-2009 Enacted Education Appropriations




FY 2008-09 Approved Funding Level



Change from FY 08-09 Funding Proposed by Gov. Rendell



Change from FY 07-08 Funding Level


General Government Operations


$28.900 million


- 2.1% ($0.613 million)


+ 2.40% ($0.678 million)


Office of Safe School Advocate


$0.395 million


- 2.5% ($0.005 million)


+ 2.07% ($0.008 million)


Information and Technology Improvement


$5.375 million


- 1.3% ($0.071 million)


+ 8.37% ($0.415 million)


PA Assessment


$54.400 million


- 6.8% ($4.000 million)


+ 72.05% ($22.781 million)


State Library


$4.846 million


- 2.0% ($0.099 million)


- 0.78% ($0.038 million)


Youth Development Centers


$11.502 million


- 1.3% ($0.151 million)


+ 0.34% ($0.039 million)


Scranton State School for the Deaf


$7.345 million


- 2.1% ($0.155 million)


+ 1.14% ($0.083 million)


Basic Education Funding


$5,226.142 billion


- 0.32% ($16.587 million)


+ 5.55% ($274.713 million)


Dual Enrollment


$10.000 million


- 1.7% ($2.000 million)


No change


Basic Education Formula Enhancements


$2.000 million


No change


No change


School Improvement Grants


$22.880 million


No change


No change


PA Accountability Grants


$271.425 million


- 1.3% ($3.575 million)


- 1.3% ($3.575 million)


Pre-K Counts


$86.412 million


- 1.3% ($1.138 million)


+ 15.22% ($11.412 million)


Head Start Supplemental Assistance


$39.480 million


- 1.3% ($0.520 million)


- 1.3% ($0.520 million)


Educational Assistance Program


$65.142 million


- 1.3% ($0.858 million)


-1.3% ($0.858 million)


Technology Initiative


$1.273 million


- 1.32 ($0.017 million)


-1.32$ ($0.017 million)


Science: It’s Elementary


$14.500 million


- 3.3% ($.500 million)


+ 7.41% ($1.000 million)


Science & Math Education Programs


$2.707 million


+ 100% ($2.707 million)


+ 6.37% ($0.162 million)


Classrooms for the Future


$45.000 million


- 50% ($45.000 million)


- 50% ($45.000 million)


Teacher Professional Development


$42.556 million


- 9.6% ($4.500 million)


+40.14% ($12.189 million)


Urban and Minority Teacher Development


$0.500 million


+ 100% ($0.500 million)


- 83.33% ($2.500 million)


Rx for PA – Physical and Health Education


$0.030 million


No change


No change


Adult and Family Literacy


$23.129 million


- 1.3% ($0.305 million)


- 1.3% ($0.305 million)


Career and Technical Education


$63.696 million


- 1.3% ($0.839 million)


+ 1.17% ($0.735 million)


New Choices/New Options




No change


- 100% ($2.500 million)


Authority Rentals and Sinking Fund Requirements


$326.500 million


- 2.3% ($7.700 million)


+ 2.55% ($8.132 million)


Pupil Transportation


$516.620 million


- 2.4% ($12.861 million)


+ 1.88% ($9.553 million)


Nonpublic and Charter School Pupil Transportation


$78.817 million


+16.0% ($10.897 million)


+ 14.16% ($9.776 million)


Special Education


$1,026.815 million


- 1.3% ($13.524 million)


+ 1.66% ($16.777 million)


Early Intervention




No change


+ 6.95% ($12.034 million)


Homebound Instruction


$0.748 million


- 1.3% ($0.010 million)


- 4.59% ($0.036 million)


Tuition for Orphans and Children Placed in Private Homes


$55.805 million


No change


+ 0.28% ($0.156 million)


Payments in Lieu of Taxes


$0.179 million


No change


+ 4.07% ($0.007 million)


Education of Migrant Laborers’ Children


$1.138 million


- 1.3% ($0.015 million)


+ 34.36% ($0.291 million)


PA Charter Schools for the Deaf and Blind


$36.053 million


No change


+4.38% ($1.513 million)


Special Education – Approved Private Schools


$96.100 million


+ 2.4% ($2.265 million)


+ 1.87% ($1.765 million)


Intermediate Units


$6.311 million


No change


No change


School Food Services


$30.671 million


No change


+3.5% ($1.038 million)


Rx for PA – School Food Services


$4.000 million


- 17.3% ($0.839 million)


- 33.81% ($2.043 million)


School Employees’ Social Security


$505.621 million


- 1.5% ($7.704 million)


+2.19% ($10.812 million)


School Employees’ Retirement


$360.591 million


- 24.1% ($114.704 million)


- 20.08% ($90.578 million)


School Entity Demonstration Projects


$11.000 million


+ 100% ($11.000 million)


- 36.05% ($6.200 million)


Education of Indigent Children


$0.020 million


No change


- 20.0% ($0.005 million)


High School Reform/Project 720


$10.857 million


- 1.3% ($0.143 million)


- 1.3% ($0.143 million)


Education Mentoring




No change


-100% ($1.200 million)


Lifelong Learning


$5.500 million


+ 100% ($5.500 million)


- 2.65% ($0.150 million)


Services to Nonpublic Schools


$89.082 million


- 2.7% ($2.508 million)


+3.0% ($2.595 million)


Textbooks, Materials and Equipment for Nonpublic Schools


$27.243 million


-2.7% ($0.767 million)


+3.00% ($0.793 million)


Teen Pregnancy and Parenthood


$1.703 million


- 1.28% ($0.022 million)


- 1.28% ($0.022 million)


Public Library Subsidy




- 2.0% ($1.515 million)


No change


Library Services for Visually Impaired and Disabled


$2.976 million


+ 0.37% ($0.011 million)


+ 0.37% ($0.011 million)


Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic


$0.069 million


- 1.43% ($0.001 million)


- 1.43% ($0.001 million)


Library Access


$7.290 million


- 1.3% ($0.096 million)


- 1.3% ($0.096 million)


Electronic Library Catalog


$3.792 million


- 1.3% ($0.050 million)


- 1.3% ($0.050 million)


Ethnic Heritage


$0.163 million


- 1.21% ($0.002 million)


- 1.21% ($0.002 million)


Governor’s Schools of Excellence


$3.242 million


+ 26.0% ($0.668 million)


No change


Job Training Programs


$3.975 million


+ 100% ($3.975 million)


+ 25.0% ($1.325 million)


Reimbursement of Charter Schools


$226.936 million


+ 14.9% ($29.348 million)


+ 40.73% ($65.675 million)


Safe and Alternative Schools


$23.023 million


- 1.3% ($0.303 million)


- 1.3% ($0.303 million)


Alternative Education Demonstration Grants


$17.522 million


+ 100% ($17.522 million)


- 0.13% ($0.022 million)


Consolidation Incentives & Shared Services


$0.987 million


 - 1.3% ($0.013 million)


- 1.3% ($0.013 million)


Concentrated Alternative Education Intervention Funding




- 100% ($3.000 million)


No change

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      The Education Policy and Leadership Center is an independent, non-partisan and not-for-profit organization. The Mission of EPLC is to encourage and support the enactment and implementation of effective state-level education policies in order to improve student learning in grades P-12, increase the effective operation of schools, and enhance educational opportunities for citizens of all ages.

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